Mapping the Coasts, 1492-1874 Contained within the 3rd Edition (1957) of the Atlas of Canada is a map that shows the a series of reproduced historical maps. The first maps, from Stephanius to Zaltieri, illustrate the emergence of the concept of a new continent of America. Behaims globe indicates the general belief that Europe and Asia were separated principally by water. Ruyschs map is one of the earliest that shows the discoveries of Columbus, Cabot, the Corte Reals and Vespucci. The Waldseemulle map and the Agnese map of 1540 depicts a new continent. The Ptolemy map of 1548 shows that to many people there was still the possibility that America and Asia were joined in the north. The next maps from La Cosa to Velasco, show how the shape of the northeast coast of North America was mapped. These maps show the early doubts as to whether the new discoveries were part of a continuous coast or merely islands in the Atlantic and the eventual resolution of these doubts. Desceliers showed that by 1550 the St. Lawrence estuary was known and that Newfoundland existed as an island. By 1610, the Gulf of St. Lawrence region was even more accurately defined and a great inland lake appeared on the Velasco map. The next five maps show how the Arctic coasts gradually became revealed, partly as a result of the search for the Northwest Passage hypothetically indicated by Mercator in 1595. By 1823 some of the water passages had been discovered and by 1835 the northern continental coastline of America established. The map of 1874 shows the extension of mapping further poleward into the Queen Elizabeth Islands. The final four maps indicate the development of the knowledge of the west coast. De Laet, in 1630, showed the Spanish Empire reaching northward along the Pacific coast; the 1758 map shows Russian activities extending south along the same coast. Cook added further detail which Vancouver supplemented with more precise coastal surveys as shown on the Arrowsmith map of 1822. 1957-01-01 2017-01-26 Natural Resources Canada NRCan.geogratis-geogratis.RNCan@canada.ca Government and PoliticsNature and Environmentarchivescolonizationheritagehistorical researchhistory Download the English JPG through HTTPJPG http://ftp.geogratis.gc.ca/pub/nrcan_rncan/raster/atlas_3_ed/eng/historical/002.jpg Download the English PDF through HTTPPDF http://ftp.geogratis.gc.ca/pub/nrcan_rncan/raster/atlas_3_ed/eng/historical/002.pdf Download the French JPG through HTTPJPG http://ftp.geogratis.gc.ca/pub/nrcan_rncan/raster/atlas_3_ed/fra/historical/002.jpg Download the French PDF through HTTPPDF http://ftp.geogratis.gc.ca/pub/nrcan_rncan/raster/atlas_3_ed/fra/historical/002.pdf

Mapping the Coasts, 1492-1874

Contained within the 3rd Edition (1957) of the Atlas of Canada is a map that shows the a series of reproduced historical maps. The first maps, from Stephanius to Zaltieri, illustrate the emergence of the concept of a new continent of America. Behaims globe indicates the general belief that Europe and Asia were separated principally by water. Ruyschs map is one of the earliest that shows the discoveries of Columbus, Cabot, the Corte Reals and Vespucci. The Waldseemulle map and the Agnese map of 1540 depicts a new continent. The Ptolemy map of 1548 shows that to many people there was still the possibility that America and Asia were joined in the north. The next maps from La Cosa to Velasco, show how the shape of the northeast coast of North America was mapped. These maps show the early doubts as to whether the new discoveries were part of a continuous coast or merely islands in the Atlantic and the eventual resolution of these doubts. Desceliers showed that by 1550 the St. Lawrence estuary was known and that Newfoundland existed as an island. By 1610, the Gulf of St. Lawrence region was even more accurately defined and a great inland lake appeared on the Velasco map. The next five maps show how the Arctic coasts gradually became revealed, partly as a result of the search for the Northwest Passage hypothetically indicated by Mercator in 1595. By 1823 some of the water passages had been discovered and by 1835 the northern continental coastline of America established. The map of 1874 shows the extension of mapping further poleward into the Queen Elizabeth Islands. The final four maps indicate the development of the knowledge of the west coast. De Laet, in 1630, showed the Spanish Empire reaching northward along the Pacific coast; the 1758 map shows Russian activities extending south along the same coast. Cook added further detail which Vancouver supplemented with more precise coastal surveys as shown on the Arrowsmith map of 1822.

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Resource Name Resource Type Format Language Links
Download the English JPG through HTTP Dataset JPG English
French
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Download the English PDF through HTTP Dataset PDF English
French
Access
Download the French JPG through HTTP Dataset JPG English
French
Access
Download the French PDF through HTTP Dataset PDF English
French
Access

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