Facts & Figures 2014: Immigration Overview - Permanent Residents


Facts & Figures 2014: Immigration Overview - Permanent Residents
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Is there any way to get data on the percentage of secondary migrants to Canada? Ie. those that entered Canada through a country other than their own?

Hi there,

I do miss the full .pdf report for your Facts and Figures that usually went along with the tables.
More importantly, however, are you using the Statistics Canada variable "Knowledge of Official Languages" to define your "Language Ability" data? If so, do you also have language ability by immigration class in terms of Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB1-12)? I was under the impression applicants needed to provide official documents in terms of CLB levels not self-reported proficiency? Lastly, if not, what CLB level would 'no English ability' fall under? CLB1 or less?

Thanks for your comment Alejandro.

A PDF version is planned for the 2016 edition of the Facts and Figures Immigration Overview.

The definition of language ability is provided in the "Overview and Glossary of Terms and Concepts" document found here: http://www.cic.gc.ca/opendata-donneesouvertes/data/IRCC_FFPR_25_E.doc
"Language ability: Four categories of language ability in one of Canada’s official languages are shown for permanent residents: English only, French only, both French and English, and neither language. These are self-declared indicators of knowledge of an official language."
The statistics reflected in the IRCC datasets on the Open Data Portal uses self-reported language ability. This is similar to Statistics Canada's "Knowledge of Official Languages", which uses self-reported language ability: http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/ref/dict/pop055-eng.cfm

I am in search of Permanent Resident Immigrant populations sorted by Province and also by source country.
I have been able to find Permanent Residents by source country throughout Canada, but not sorted by province. I have also been able to find Permanent Residents by source area, but am looking for specific countries.
Any chance someone could point me in the correct direction?

Hi, Is there a way to get the data on permanent residents by category for the years 1990 to 2005? Thanks.



I wonder if the report of permanent residents also includes refugees?
Or do I need to look at temporary residents - "refugee claimants" as well?
Does it also include resettled refugees?


Best regards

Thank you for your comment Daniel.

Permanent residents includes resettled refugees as well as asylum claimants that were granted permanent resident status. See this table for a more detailed breakdown of the resettled refugee and protected person category: http://www.cic.gc.ca/opendata-donneesouvertes/data/IRCC_M_PRadmiss_0001_E.xls
Asylum claimants without permanent resident status are considered temporary residents.

Is there a guideline on how to cite these tables or is citing the website all right? I would be glad if you could help out! Thank you!

Thank you for your comment Bea. In accordance with the Open Government Licence - Canada, the data on Open Data is open-source and you are free to copy, modify, publish, translate, adapt, distribute or otherwise use the information in any medium, mode or format for any lawful purpose. You must acknowledge the source of the information by including the attribution statement specified by the Information Provider. In the IRCC datasets, the attribution statement is indicated at the bottom of the datasets in the footnotes, beginning with "Source". More information about the Open Government License can be found here: http://open.canada.ca/en/open-government-licence-canada


I am a MA Student at University of Ottawa doing research on the career identity of dependent immigrant women who come to Canada. I am looking for recent statistics regarding the percentage of women coming to Canada as dependents across all three categories. I would appreciate help in this regard.

Hi Amdee,
Thank you for your feedback. I would suggest reaching out using this contact to get the specific data you are looking for. To submit a request for data, please email the statistiques-statistics@cic.gc.ca mailbox with a detailed description of your requested report.
Best of luck to you,
Open Government Team

I have been checking the facts and figures reports for the past years and I see you changed the reports from simple web pages, html based to some datasets, Excel files which are hard to read on mobile devices. Now, it is almost impossible to find reports about permanent residents based on country of origin, besides the inconvenience of the format. I consider more portable html pages than such downloaded datasets. If such site is meant to inform the public about immigration status it should be in the most accessible way, in simple web pages which can be read in any web browser. I wonder if you now really want the public to be informed about immigration statistics and if you changed the format to narrow the audience.

I was looking for a table containing Permanent Residents by category breakdown (e.g. Canadian Exp., Provincial Nominee, etc) and province. Thank you for providing help and the data.

Hi can you provide information regarding the education levels of the PR holders? Thanks

We are immigration consultant students and looking for stats for 2015 and 2016 that would indicate the number of PR issued to those in Canada on either a work, study or mobility permit?
Is there anywhere in the stats that we'll be able to establish how people at the end of 2015 and 2016 remained in Canada on either work, study or mobility permit?

Many thanks

Thank you for your comment Andrew. You can find data on people who have been granted permanent resident status in Canada with prior temporary resident status in the 'Transition from Temporary Resident to Permanent Resident Status – Quarterly IRCC Updates' datasets. http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/1b026aab-edb3-4d5d-8231-270a09ed4e82

As for permit holders with valid permits on December 31st, this data can be found in the following datasets:
Facts & Figures 2015: Immigration Overview - Temporary Residents – Annual IRCC Updates (http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/052642bb-3fd9-4828-b608-c81dff7e539c)
Temporary Residents: Study Permit Holders – Quarterly IRCC Updates (http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/90115b00-f9b8-49e8-afa3-b4cff8facaee)
Temporary Residents: Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) and International Mobility Program (IMP) Work Permit Holders – Quarterly IRCC Updates (http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/360024f2-17e9-4558-bfc1-3616485d65b9)

In the glossary of terms and concepts, you provide a listing of the countries included in each Source Area. There are a number of significant errors in this list and, by my count, at least 25 countries are missing altogether - including China, Indonesia, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, South Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Swaziland, Sudan/South Sudan, Guinea-Bissau etc. Would it be possible to a) provide a reference or source as to why/how you chose to categorize each country, especially since they don't always alighn with other groupings used by the WHO and others and/or b) update this list to reflect current state (e.g., add Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia to Europe etc.)?

Thank you for your comment. We are looking into your question and will return with an answer.

Would you have a breakdown of Filipinos who came in based on categories of Care-givers, Skilled workers, Provincial nominee, etc.


Hello, I was reading the table: 'Permanent residents 15 years of age or older by age and category' and noticed that in 2015, the 65+ aged PRs were most represented in the economic immigrant category. Does this mean that people 65+ came to Canada primarily as economic immigrants? This doesn't make intuitive sense given that seniors would likely be coming to Canada under family sponsorship category. I would appreciate your clarification about the breakdown of numbers under the aged 65+ category.

Thank you for your comment Nikki. The tables are read from top to bottom. So in this specific case, the 2006 total of economic immigrants is 138, while the number of sponsored family is 5,797. Rows 20 to 23 show the breakdown of permanent residents 65 years of age of more.

Where can I find a list of all the different immigration statuses and acronyms?

This is a very convoluted system....
Why split it into this many tables, I don't know if I need to add them all together, if some are the same (Which is looks like there's plenty of dups).
Can you make a combined list of the total, drilled down by gender, then province, then city. (Then column them by year).
These are terribly designed statistics. And how are you 2-3 years behind?! Come on Govt. this is embarrassing that THIS is what our govt. is capable of. You guys need to do better than this.

Thank you for your feedback David.
The Facts & Figures are an annual publication and are updated for 2015. For more recent statistics, we have available numerous other datasets that are updated on a monthly or quarterly basis. Please see the link below for the full collection of IRCC's datasets on the Open Data Portal: http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset?portal_type=dataset&organization=cic
We will consider your suggestion to improve the formatting and appearance of the Open Data tables.


I'm doing a research about the number of Portuguese immigrants by metropolitan areas. Where can I find such numbers??
Thank you so much!

Thank you for your comment Ana. Currently there is not a table with the breakdowns you requested on the Open Data Portal. We will consider adding your suggestion in future enhancements to the Open Data Portal. Alternatively, you may be able to obtain this information by submitting a request to IRCC for custom data. Please email statistiques.statistics@cic.gc.ca with a detailed description of your report.

Hi, Where might I find the statistic for the country of origin for the immigrants that entered Canada in 2015. I would like to do a world map with my students.



Hi, where can I find the numbers of Permanent Residents by province, I am looking for Ontario.

No information by City.

Thank you for your comment Roshelle. Permanent resident admissions by Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) can be found in Permanent Residents – Monthly IRCC Updates: http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/f7e5498e-0ad8-4417-85c9-9b8aff9b9eda
Specifically, the table “Canada - Admissions of Permanent Residents by Province/Territory and Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) of Intended Destination” can be found here:

I am looking for information on the number of persons accepted under the conditional permanent resident category. I know they just eliminated it but I am trying to find out how many were accepted in the program since its inception.


Thank you for your comment Kamla. You may be able to obtain this data through a custom IRCC data request. To submit a request for data, please email the statistiques-statistics@cic.gc.ca mailbox with a detailed description of your requested report.

Where can we find statistics prior to 2006?

I was not able to find the data about how many undocumented/illegal immigrants are currently present in Canada... Is there a different term for it or website...? If there is one, could you provide the link? Thank you.

Thank you for your comment Kailas. We currently do not have readily available tabulations on this data. Please contact the statistiques-statistics@cic.gc.ca mailbox for further questions.


Thank you for your support Hassan - IRCC

Pourquoi ça dit toujours ''République populaire du Bénin''? Ce n'est plus le cas depuis la chute du mur de Berlin. On devrait plutôt lire République du Bénin. Merci d'en tenir compte.

Hello, why do you think there is a sudden leap from figures under ten, to 119 under the category "Gender not stated" in 2015 for the annual intake of permanent residents? Has there been a change in policy or counting methods?

Hi Shiva,

Here is the data owner's response to your question:

Thank you for your comment. The sudden leap in the category “Gender not stated” is due to a transition in our administrative data systems. Please contact us at statistics@cic.gc.ca if you require further details.

I hope this clarifies things for you.
Momin, Open Government team

Hi, is this data updated annually? When will Facts and Figures 2015 be available? Thanks

Is there a chance to split country of origin by immigration category?

Hi Daria,
The following response has been posted on behalf of the data owner:
"Thank you for your comment. We will consider including your suggestion in our assessments."

-Tasha, the Open Government Team

I think it is fairly ridiculous that NL and PEI are grouped together in provincial data. They may have small populations but this approach is seriously hindering research and access to appropriate data.

Hi Kerri,
The following response has been posted on behalf of the data owner:

"Thank you for your comment. As we continue to increase our datasets on the Open Data Portal, we will ensure that we consider your comment in our future enhancements. If you have further questions, please contact us at Statistics-Statistiques@cic.gc.ca."

-Tasha, the Open Government Team

I think the wrong file was linked to Permanent residents age 15+ by gender, marital status - it provides a file with a breakdown of level of education by reigon - where can I find the marital status data?

Hi vm,
Thank you for your comment.

The following reply has been posted on behalf of the data owner (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada):

"Thank you for your comment. Please note, “Permanent Residents age 15+ by gender, marital status” has now been revised."

Thank you,
Tasha, the Open Government Team

I think the wrong file was linked to Permanent residents age 15+ by gender, marital status - it provides a file with a breakdown of level of education by reigon - where can I find the marital status data?

is this annual intake of permanent residents equal to permanent residents landing in that year? Thanks!

Hi Julie,
The following response has been posted on behalf of the data owner:

"Thank you for your question. The annual intake of permanent residents represents the number of permanent residents who landed in each year."

Tasha, the Open Government Team

Thanks so much for posting this data. It makes charting much easier and much quicker. My students will be happy not to have to create their own excel files in order to make charts and tables!

In terms of publishing, as long as I provide the correct citation, would I be permitted to copy one of your charts? (like the one on immigrant category by year of arrival 1990-2014)?

Hi Lori,
Thank you for your comment and question.

To answer your question- yes this is not an issue. For more information, I would encourage you to consult the Open Government Licence here: http://open.canada.ca/en/open-government-licence-canada.

Thanks and hope this helps!
Tasha, the Open Government Team

Useful data. Could CMA level geography also be provided ?

Hi Neil,
Thank you for your comment. I have sent this to the data owner for action.

Tasha, the Open Government Team

Hi Neil,
The following reply has been posted on behalf of the data owner:

"Thank you for your feedback. It is great to hear that the data is useful. We will consider adding CMA level geography in future Facts and Figures datasets. In the interim, urban area is a breakdown that may assist in the Facts and Figures datasets and please review the remaining IRCC datasets that are broken down by CMA and CD."

-Tasha, the Open Government Team