Daily snow cover fraction maps over Canada of the period of 2006-2010 from 1km resolution NOAA AVHRR imagery.
This dataset corresponds to daily snow cover percentage at 1km resolution grid over land areas of Canada from 2006-2010. The data are subsampled by 4km to reduce data volumes and considering the geolocation uncertainty of the input satellite imagery. The daily maps are generated by assimilation of daily cloud screened NOAA AVHRR satellite imagery and Canadian Meteorological Centre (CMC) snow depth analysis snow depth and density fields within an off-line version of the CMC daily snow depth model. The snow depth model is modified to include snowpack reflectance model and a surface radiative transfer scheme that relates vegetation and snowpack reflectance to top-of-canopy bi-directional reflectance. A logistic vegetation phenology model is used to parameterize temporal dynamics of canopy leaf area index. A per-pixel particle filter with a 30 day moving window is applied to assimilation observations corresponding to 1km resolution visible band directional reflectance and normalized difference vegetation index and 24km CMC daily snow depth and monthly snow density fields. The assimilation is forced using daily air temperature and precipitation fields. Validation of the datasets has been performed by comparison to MODIS snow cover maps and in-situ snow depth stations across Canada. Validation suggests similar accuracy to MODIS snow cover products over relatively flat terrain. Validation over mountainous regions is ongoing.
- Publisher - Current Organization Name: Natural Resources Canada
- Licence: Open Government Licence - Canada
|Daily snow cover fraction maps over Canada of the period of 2006-2010 from 1km resolution NOAA AVHRR imagery.|
Electronic Mail Address: LTSDR@NRCan.gc.ca