2015 - Anthropogenic disturbance footprint within boreal caribou ranges across Canada - As interpreted from 2015 Landsat satellite imagery

2015 - Anthropogenic disturbance footprint within boreal caribou ranges across Canada - As interpreted from 2015 Landsat satellite imagery As part of a scientific assessment of critical habitat for boreal woodland caribou (Environment Canada 2011, see full reference in accompanying documentation), Environment Canada's Landscape Science and Technology Division was tasked with providing detailed anthropogenic disturbance mapping, across known caribou ranges, as of 2015. This data comprises a 5-year update to the mapping of 2008-2010 disturbances, and allows researchers to better understand the attributes that have a known effect on caribou population persistence. The original disturbance mapping was based on 30-metre resolution Landsat-5 imagery from 2008 -2010. The mapping process used in 2010 was repeated using 2015 Landsat imagery to create a nationally consistent, reliable and repeatable geospatial dataset that followed a common methodology. The methods developed were focused on mapping disturbances at a specific point of time, and were not designed to identify the age of disturbances, which can be of particular interest for disturbances that can be considered non-permanent, for example cutblocks. The resultant datasets were used for a caribou resource selection function (habitat modeling) and to assess overall disturbance levels on each caribou ranges. Anthropogenic disturbances within 51 caribou ranges across Canada were mapped. The ranges were defined by individual provinces and territories across Canada. Disturbances were remapped across these ranges using 2015 Landsat-8 satellite imagery to provide the most up-to-date data possible. As with the 2010 mapping project, anthropogenic disturbance was defined as any human-caused disturbance to the natural landscape that could be visually identified from Landsat imagery with 30-metre multi-band imagery at a viewing scale of 1:50,000. A minimum mapping unit MMU of 2 ha (approximately 22 contiguous 30-metre pixels) was selected. Each disturbance feature type was represented in the database by a line or polygon depending on their geometric description. Polygonal disturbances included: cutblocks, mines, reservoirs, built-up areas, well sites, agriculture, oil and gas facilities, as well as unknown features. Linear disturbances included: roads, railways, powerlines, seismic exploration lines, pipelines, dams, air strips, as well as unknown features. For each type of anthropogenic disturbance, a clear description was established (see Appendix 7.2 of the science assessment) to maintain consistency in identifying the various disturbances in the imagery by the different interpreters. Features were only digitized if they were visible in the Landsat imagery at the prescribed viewing scale. A 2nd interpreter quality-control phase was carried out to ensure high quality, complete and consistent data collection. For this 2015 update an additional, separate higher-resolution database was created by repeating the process using 15-metre panchromatic imagery. For the 30-metre database only, the line and poly data were buffered by a 500-metre radius, representing their extended zone of impact upon boreal caribou herds. Additionally, forest fire polygons were merged into the anthropogenic footprint in order to create an overall disturbance footprint. These buffered datasets were used in the calculation of range disturbance levels and for integrated risk assessment analysis. 2021-07-29 Environment and Climate Change Canada jason.duffe@canada.ca Nature and Environmentanthropogenic disturbance; boreal; forest; caribou; habitat; mapping; landcover; landuseNature and BiodiversityNational (CA)Protect Species Well-BeingDevelop Species Recovery / Management / Conservation PlansScience and Technology BranchWildlife and Landscape ScienceUnclassifiedEcosystems View ECCC Data Mart (English)HTML https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/?lang=en View ECCC Data Mart (French)HTML https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/?lang=fr 2015_15m_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinteWMS https://maps-cartes.ec.gc.ca/arcgis/services/2015_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinte_15m/MapServer/WMSServer?request=GetCapabilities&service=WMS 2015_15m_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinteWMS https://maps-cartes.ec.gc.ca/arcgis/services/2015_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinte_15m/MapServer/WMSServer?request=GetCapabilities&service=WMS 2015_15m_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinteESRI REST https://maps-cartes.ec.gc.ca/arcgis/rest/services/2015_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinte_15m/MapServer 2015_15m_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinteESRI REST https://maps-cartes.ec.gc.ca/arcgis/rest/services/2015_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinte_15m/MapServer 2015_30m_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinteWMS https://maps-cartes.ec.gc.ca/arcgis/services/2015_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinte/MapServer/WMSServer?request=GetCapabilities&service=WMS&layers=306&legend_format=image/png&feature_info_type=text/html 2015_30m_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinteESRI REST https://maps-cartes.ec.gc.ca/arcgis/rest/services/2015_Disturbance_Footprints_Boreal_Caribou_lempreinte/MapServer LISEZ-MOI (30m & 15m).docDOC https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/LISEZ-MOI_30m__15m.doc Perturbation anthropique - Resume du processus de cartographie de 2015.docDOC https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Perturbation_anthropique_-_Resume_du_processus_de_cartographie_de_2015.doc Anthropogenic Disturbance - Summary of mapping process 2015.docDOC https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Anthropogenic_Disturbance_-_Summary_of_mapping_process_2015.doc Processus-de-cartographie-de-la-perturbation-anthropique--Annexe--2011.pdfPDF https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Processus-de-cartographie-de-la-perturbation-anthropique--Annexe--2011.pdf Anthropogenic-Disturbance-Mapping-Methods--Appendix--2011.pdfPDF https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Anthropogenic-Disturbance-Mapping-Methods--Appendix--2011.pdf Champs-d-attributs-et-descriptions--30m--2015.txtTXT https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Champs-d-attributs-et-descriptions--30m--2015.txt Field-names-and-descriptions--30m--2015.txtTXT https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Field-names-and-descriptions--30m--2015.txt Champs-d-attributs-et-descriptions--15m--2015.txtTXT https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Champs-d-attributs-et-descriptions--15m--2015.txt Field-names-and-descriptions--15m--2015.txtTXT https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Field-names-and-descriptions--15m--2015.txt Perturbation-anthropique-2015-30m-METADATA-ISO19115.xmlXML https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Perturbation-anthropique-2015-30m-METADATA-ISO19115.xml Anthropogenic-Disturbance-2015-30m-METADATA-ISO19115.xmlXML https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Anthropogenic-Disturbance-2015-30m-METADATA-ISO19115.xml Perturbation-anthropique-2015-15m-METADATA-ISO19115.xmlXML https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Perturbation-anthropique-2015-15m-METADATA-ISO19115.xml Anthropogenic-Disturbance-2015-15m-METADATA-ISO19115.xmlXML https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/Anthropogenic-Disturbance-2015-15m-METADATA-ISO19115.xml READ_ME_30m_15m.docDOC https://data-donnees.ec.gc.ca/data/species/developplans/2015-anthropogenic-disturbance-footprint-within-boreal-caribou-ranges-across-canada-as-interpreted-from-2015-landsat-satellite-imagery/READ_ME_30m_15m.doc

As part of a scientific assessment of critical habitat for boreal woodland caribou (Environment Canada 2011, see full reference in accompanying documentation), Environment Canada's Landscape Science and Technology Division was tasked with providing detailed anthropogenic disturbance mapping, across known caribou ranges, as of 2015. This data comprises a 5-year update to the mapping of 2008-2010 disturbances, and allows researchers to better understand the attributes that have a known effect on caribou population persistence.

             The original disturbance mapping was based on 30-metre resolution Landsat-5 imagery from 2008 -2010.  The mapping process used in 2010 was repeated using 2015 Landsat imagery to create a nationally consistent, reliable and repeatable geospatial dataset that followed a common methodology. The methods developed were focused on mapping disturbances at a specific point of time, and were not designed to identify the age of disturbances, which can be of particular interest for disturbances that can be considered non-permanent, for example cutblocks.  The resultant datasets were used for a caribou resource selection function (habitat modeling) and to assess overall disturbance levels on each caribou ranges. Anthropogenic disturbances within 51 caribou ranges across Canada were mapped. The ranges were defined by individual provinces and territories across Canada. Disturbances were remapped across these ranges using 2015 Landsat-8 satellite imagery to provide the most up-to-date data possible.

             As with the 2010 mapping project, anthropogenic disturbance was defined as any human-caused disturbance to the natural landscape that could be visually identified from Landsat imagery with 30-metre multi-band imagery at a viewing scale of 1:50,000. A minimum mapping unit MMU of 2 ha (approximately 22 contiguous 30-metre pixels) was selected. Each disturbance feature type was represented in the database by a line or polygon depending on their geometric description. Polygonal disturbances included: cutblocks, mines, reservoirs, built-up areas, well sites, agriculture, oil and gas facilities, as well as unknown features. Linear disturbances included: roads, railways, powerlines, seismic exploration lines, pipelines, dams, air strips, as well as unknown features. For each type of anthropogenic disturbance, a clear description was established (see Appendix 7.2 of the science assessment) to maintain consistency in identifying the various disturbances in the imagery by the different interpreters.

             Features were only digitized if they were visible in the Landsat imagery at the prescribed viewing scale. A 2nd interpreter quality-control phase was carried out to ensure high quality, complete and consistent data collection.

             For this 2015 update an additional, separate higher-resolution database was created by repeating the process using 15-metre panchromatic imagery.

             For the 30-metre database only, the line and poly data were buffered by a 500-metre radius, representing their extended zone of impact upon boreal caribou herds.   Additionally, forest fire polygons were merged into the anthropogenic footprint in order to create an overall disturbance footprint.

             These buffered datasets were used in the calculation of range disturbance levels and for integrated risk assessment analysis.

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