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Weir Enumerations and Capture-Mark-Recapture Estimates of Population Size for Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) from the Halokvik River, Nunavut Across the Canadian North, Arctic Char, Salvelinus alpinus, are culturally important and critical for maintaining subsistence lifestyles and ensuring food security for Inuit. Arctic Char also support economic development initiatives in many Arctic communities through the establishment of coastal and inland commercial char fisheries. The Halokvik River, located near the community of Cambridge Bay, Nunavut, has supported a commercial fishery for anadromous Arctic Char since the late 1960s. The sustainable management of this fishery, however, remains challenging given the lack of biological data on Arctic Char from this system and the limited information on abundance and biomass needed for resolving sustainable rates of exploitation. In 2013 and 2014, we enumerated the upstream run of Arctic Char in this system using a weir normally used for commercial harvesting. Additionally, we measured fish length and used T-bar anchor tags to mark a subset of the run. Subsequently, we estimated population size using capture-mark-recapture (CMR) methods. The estimated number of Arctic Char differed substantially between years. In 2013, 1967 Arctic Char were enumerated whereas in 2014, 14,502 Arctic Char were enumerated. We attribute this marked difference primarily to differences in weir design between years. There was also no significant relationship between daily mean water temperature and number of Arctic Char counted per day in either year of the enumeration. The CMR population estimates of Arctic Char (those ≥450mm in length) for 2013 and 2014 were 35,546 (95% C.I 30,513-49,254) and 48,377 (95% C.I. 37,398-74,601) respectively. The 95% CI overlapped between years, suggesting that inter-annual differences may not be as extreme as what is suggested by the enumeration. The population estimates reported here are also the first estimates of population size for an Arctic Char stock in the Cambridge Bay region using CMR methodology. Overall, the results of this study will be valuable for understanding how population size may fluctuate over time in the region and for potentially providing advice on the sustainable rates of harvest for Halokvik River Arctic Char. Additionally, the results generated here may prove valuable for validating current stock assessment models that are being explored for estimating biomass and abundance for commercial stocks of Arctic Char in the region. 2020-09-30 Fisheries and Oceans Canada kevin.jacobs@dfo-mpo.gc.ca Nature and EnvironmentScience and TechnologyFishAquatic EcosystemsArctic OceanFisheries resources Weir Enumerations and Capture-Mark-Recapture Estimates of Population Size for Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) from the Halokvik River, NunavutPDF https://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/40879239.pdf Weir Enumerations and Capture-Mark-Recapture Estimates of Population Size for Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) from the Halokvik River, NunavutESRI REST https://gisp.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/arcgis/rest/services/FGP/Weir_Enumerations_Arctic_Char_Halokvik_River_Nunavut/MapServer Dénombrements par fascine et méthodes de capture-marquage-recapture pour estimer la taille de la population de l’omble chevalier (Salvelinus alpinus) dans la rivière Halokvik, au Nunavutf Population Size for Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) from the Halokvik River, NunavutESRI REST https://gisp.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/arcgis/rest/services/FGP/Weir_Enumerations_Arctic_Char_Halokvik_River_Nunavut/MapServer Biological DataCSV https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/Weir_Enumerations_Arctic_Char_Halokvik_River_Nunavut/Biological_data_Donnees_biologiques.csv Capture mark-recapture model parametersCSV https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/Weir_Enumerations_Arctic_Char_Halokvik_River_Nunavut/Capture_mark_recapture_Model_Parameters_Parametres_du_modele_de_capture_marquage_recapture.csv Daily countsCSV https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/Weir_Enumerations_Arctic_Char_Halokvik_River_Nunavut/DailyCounts_Denombrement_quotidien.csv Data dictionaryPDF https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/Weir_Enumerations_Arctic_Char_Halokvik_River_Nunavut/DataDictionary_DictionnaireDonnees.pdf Environmental dataCSV https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/Weir_Enumerations_Arctic_Char_Halokvik_River_Nunavut/Environmental_data_Donnees_sur_l_environnement.csv

Weir Enumerations and Capture-Mark-Recapture Estimates of Population Size for Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) from the Halokvik River, Nunavut

Across the Canadian North, Arctic Char, Salvelinus alpinus, are culturally important and critical for maintaining subsistence lifestyles and ensuring food security for Inuit. Arctic Char also support economic development initiatives in many Arctic communities through the establishment of coastal and inland commercial char fisheries. The Halokvik River, located near the community of Cambridge Bay, Nunavut, has supported a commercial fishery for anadromous Arctic Char since the late 1960s. The sustainable management of this fishery, however, remains challenging given the lack of biological data on Arctic Char from this system and the limited information on abundance and biomass needed for resolving sustainable rates of exploitation. In 2013 and 2014, we enumerated the upstream run of Arctic Char in this system using a weir normally used for commercial harvesting. Additionally, we measured fish length and used T-bar anchor tags to mark a subset of the run. Subsequently, we estimated population size using capture-mark-recapture (CMR) methods. The estimated number of Arctic Char differed substantially between years. In 2013, 1967 Arctic Char were enumerated whereas in 2014, 14,502 Arctic Char were enumerated. We attribute this marked difference primarily to differences in weir design between years. There was also no significant relationship between daily mean water temperature and number of Arctic Char counted per day in either year of the enumeration. The CMR population estimates of Arctic Char (those ≥450mm in length) for 2013 and 2014 were 35,546 (95% C.I 30,513-49,254) and 48,377 (95% C.I. 37,398-74,601) respectively. The 95% CI overlapped between years, suggesting that inter-annual differences may not be as extreme as what is suggested by the enumeration. The population estimates reported here are also the first estimates of population size for an Arctic Char stock in the Cambridge Bay region using CMR methodology. Overall, the results of this study will be valuable for understanding how population size may fluctuate over time in the region and for potentially providing advice on the sustainable rates of harvest for Halokvik River Arctic Char. Additionally, the results generated here may prove valuable for validating current stock assessment models that are being explored for estimating biomass and abundance for commercial stocks of Arctic Char in the region.

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Resources

Resource Name Resource Type Format Language Links
Weir Enumerations and Capture-Mark-Recapture Estimates of Population Size for Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) from the Halokvik River, Nunavut Guide PDF English Access
Weir Enumerations and Capture-Mark-Recapture Estimates of Population Size for Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) from the Halokvik River, Nunavut Web Service ESRI REST English Access
Dénombrements par fascine et méthodes de capture-marquage-recapture pour estimer la taille de la population de l’omble chevalier (Salvelinus alpinus) dans la rivière Halokvik, au Nunavutf Population Size for Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) from the Halokvik River, Nunavut Web Service ESRI REST French Access
Biological Data Dataset CSV English
French
Access
Capture mark-recapture model parameters Dataset CSV English
French
Access
Daily counts Dataset CSV English
French
Access
Data dictionary Guide PDF English
French
Access
Environmental data Dataset CSV English
French
Access

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Delivery Point: 501 University Cres

City: Winnipeg

Administrative Area: Manitoba

Postal Code: R3T 2N6

Country: Canada

Electronic Mail Address: les.n.harris@dfo-mpo.gc.ca

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