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14 records found
  • Distribution of Freshwater - Drainage Patterns

    A drainage basin is an area that drains all precipitation received as a runoff or base flow (groundwater sources) into a particular river or set of rivers. Canada’s major drainage regions are the Atlantic Ocean, Hudson Bay, Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and Gulf of Mexico. A lake can be defined as...
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
  • Water Consumption: Agricultural Water Consumption/Irrigation (Prairies)

    Irrigation is the provision of water to crops beyond what is provided by local rainfall. Irrigation is a vital part of agriculture in certain areas of Canada like the southern Prairies and the interior of British Columbia. The amount of water that needs to be withdrawn for irrigation varies...
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
  • Freshwater Recreational Uses: Canoeing - Kayaking and Sailing

    In 1996 Statistics Canada conducted a survey in nature-related activities on the Importance of Nature to Canadians. The map combines the data for these three boat types, classed by major watershed. It shows that the amount of usage across Canada is closely correlated to population, but also that...
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
  • Distribution of Freshwater - Glaciers and Icefields

    Glaciers and icefields are huge masses of ice, formed on land by the compaction and re-crystallization of snow, that move very slowly down slopes, or move outward due to their own weight. In Canada, an estimated area of 200 000 square kilometres, or about 2% of the country’s area is covered by...
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
  • Water Consumption: Domestic Water Consumption, 1999

    The map shows total municipal needs by province and territory. Domestic water consumption includes the quantity of water used for household purposes such as washing, food preparation, and bathing. Across Canada, nearly all of the water used by municipal water systems comes from lakes and rivers...
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
  • Water Consumption: Industrial Water Consumption, 1999

    The industrial sector represents 16% of total freshwater consumption. The amount used reflects population distribution to some degree, but the high values in some watersheds far from the largest cities reflects the occurrence of resource-processing, a heavy user of water. In most cases, these...
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
  • Freshwater Recreational Uses - Swimming

    Swimming is one of the uses of freshwater. The map shows the amount of participation as mapped by major watershed. Not surprisingly, the highest absolute numbers occur in southern Canada.
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
  • Distribution of Freshwater - Groundwater

    Groundwater is water found beneath the earth’s surface and located at the water table below. In Canada, there is more water underground than on the surface. Groundwater occurs in the tiny spaces between loose materials on top of bedrock, or in cracks of bedrock. The most important concentrations...
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
  • Freshwater Recreational Uses - Power Boating

    In 1996, 9.3% of Canadians made use of a power boat. The map shows the number of trips where a powerboat was used. The range of recreational activities is diverse, ranging from cruising, across to cottages, to fishing and water sports. The large number of powerboats in Canada had lead to many...
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
  • Distribution of Freshwater - Wetlands

    Wetlands are lands permanently or temporarily submerged or permeated by water, and characterized by plants adapted to saturated-soil conditions. Wetlands are the only ecosystem designated for conservation by international convention because they absorb the impact of hydrologic events, filter...
    Organization:
    Natural Resources Canada
    Resource Formats:
    • JP2
    • ZIP
    • other
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