Evaluation of groundfish and shrimp annual multidisciplinary survey in the Estuary and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence (CCGS Teleost 2004 - 2021)

Evaluation of groundfish and shrimp annual multidisciplinary survey in the Estuary and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence (CCGS Teleost 2004 - 2021) Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) conducts an annual multidisciplinary scientific survey with a bottom trawl in the Estuary and the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence since 1978. Over the years this survey has been conducted on four vessels: the MV Gadus Atlantica (1978-1994), the MV Lady Hammond (1984-1990), the CCGS Alfred Needler (1990-2005) and the CCGS Teleost (2004-2021). It is important to note that the objectives, the methods used and the identification of the species during these surveys have improved over time in response to DFO requests and mandates. The data are therefore not directly comparable between these surveys. The specificities of the missions onboard the CCGS Teleost are described below. Objectives: 1. Assess groundfish and northern shrimp population abundance and condition 2. Assess environmental conditions 3. Inventory species biodiversity 4. Assess phytoplankton and mesozooplankton abundance 5. Monitor the pelagic ecosystem 6. Inventory marine mammals populations 7. Inventory seabirds populations 8. Collect samples for various research projects Survey description The survey covers the Estuary and the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, that is the divisions 4R, 4S and the northern part of division 4T of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO). Since 2008, coverage of division 4T has been increased in the upstream part of the Lower Estuary in order to sample the depths between 37 and 183 m. A stratified random sampling strategy is used for this survey and the area of the study area is 118,587 km². The fishing gear used on the CCGS Teleost is a four-sided Campelen 1800 shrimp trawl equipped with a Rockhopper footgear (“bicycle”). The trawl lengthening and codend are equipped with a 12.7-mm knotless nylon lining. Standard trawling tows last 15 minutes, starting from the time the trawl touches the sea floor. The aimed towing speed is 3 knots. Data For each fishing tow, the catch is sorted and weighed by taxa; biological data are then collected on a subsample. For fish, crab and squid, size and weight are gathered by individual and, for some species, sex, gonad maturity, and the weight of certain organs (stomach, liver, gonads) are also evaluated. The soft rays of the anal fin are counted for redfish, and the otoliths are sampled for several species such as Atlantic cod, Atlantic halibut, and witch flounder. A roughly 2-kg shrimp sample is sorted and weighed by species (and by stage of maturity for northern shrimp). The shrimps are measured individually. The other invertebrates are counted (no individual measurements) and photographed. The catches per tow for fish taxa are available below. This data is also available via the 'Biodiversity' application on the St. Lawrence Global Observatory (SLGO). For more information please contact the data management team (gddaiss-dmsaisb@dfo-mpo.gc.ca). 2022-03-29 Fisheries and Oceans Canada gddaiss-dmsaisb@dfo-mpo.gc.ca Nature and EnvironmentScience and TechnologySt. Lawrence EstuaryGulf of St. LawrenceGroundfish; Shrimp; Multidisciplinary survey; TeleostOceansMarine biologyFishAquatic wildlifeFisheries managementAquatic ecosystems Preliminary results from the groundfish and shrimp multidisciplinary survey in August 2018 in the Estuary and northern Gulf of St. LawrencePDF https://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/Publications/ResDocs-DocRech/2019/2019_037-fra.html Data dictionaryCSV https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/Evaluation_groundfish_survey_NGulf_St_Lawrence/data_dictionnary.csv Teleost dataCSV https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/Evaluation_groundfish_survey_NGulf_St_Lawrence/Evaluation_groundfish_shrimp_survey_Estuary_NGulf_St_Lawrence_2004_2021/Data.zip Teleost Data MapESRI REST https://gisp.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/arcgis/rest/services/FGP/Evaluation_groundfish_shrimp_survey_Estuary_NGulf_St_Lawrence_2004_2021/MapServer Teleost Data MapESRI REST https://gisp.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/arcgis/rest/services/FGP/Evaluation_groundfish_shrimp_survey_Estuary_NGulf_St_Lawrence_2004_2021/MapServer Biodiversity applicationHTML https://ogsl.ca/bio/ Bottom water temperature and salinity in the Estuary and Gulf of St. LawrenceHTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/10987662-c496-4ba8-a6b9-21cb5a134da2 Deep water dissolved oxygen in the Estuary and Gulf of St. LawrenceHTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/fb362c48-fe21-4e4d-abee-cf7ef92b475d Bottom water pH in the Estuary and Gulf of St.LawrenceHTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/15c36c35-bb63-425e-9753-12704d310844 Summer surface conditions – Multidisciplinary surveysHTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/6ac8d5f2-6a3d-4313-8785-881b2ac2ad24 Demersal fish total biomass in the Estuary and Gulf of St. LawrenceHTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/9b1d5058-81a9-420c-afb9-69791b06e35a Pelagic fish total biomass in the Estuary and Gulf of St.LawrenceHTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/308b7792-a075-4b43-a68f-37bf35d76a9f Demersal fish group richness in the Estuary and Gulf of St. LawrenceHTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/182acf27-3ca0-49bb-9a68-50dbd8657331 Pelagic fish group richness in the Estuary and Gulf of St. LawrenceHTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/267e20aa-97e8-43da-8c23-1234376938bc Demersal fish species abondance in the Esturay and Gulf of St. Lawrence between 2008 and 2017HTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/d4ec2d6b-f4bc-4c6c-b866-b26e507a3b76 Pelagic fish species abondance in the Esturay and Gulf of St. Lawrence between 2008 and 2017HTML https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/f1fc359c-0ed1-4045-a421-adef2497b68d

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) conducts an annual multidisciplinary scientific survey with a bottom trawl in the Estuary and the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence since 1978. Over the years this survey has been conducted on four vessels: the MV Gadus Atlantica (1978-1994), the MV Lady Hammond (1984-1990), the CCGS Alfred Needler (1990-2005) and the CCGS Teleost (2004-2021). It is important to note that the objectives, the methods used and the identification of the species during these surveys have improved over time in response to DFO requests and mandates. The data are therefore not directly comparable between these surveys. The specificities of the missions onboard the CCGS Teleost are described below.

Objectives:

  1. Assess groundfish and northern shrimp population abundance and condition

  2. Assess environmental conditions

  3. Inventory species biodiversity

  4. Assess phytoplankton and mesozooplankton abundance

  5. Monitor the pelagic ecosystem

  6. Inventory marine mammals populations

  7. Inventory seabirds populations

  8. Collect samples for various research projects

Survey description

The survey covers the Estuary and the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, that is the divisions 4R, 4S and the northern part of division 4T of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO). Since 2008, coverage of division 4T has been increased in the upstream part of the Lower Estuary in order to sample the depths between 37 and 183 m. A stratified random sampling strategy is used for this survey and the area of the study area is 118,587 km². The fishing gear used on the CCGS Teleost is a four-sided Campelen 1800 shrimp trawl equipped with a Rockhopper footgear (“bicycle”). The trawl lengthening and codend are equipped with a 12.7-mm knotless nylon lining. Standard trawling tows last 15 minutes, starting from the time the trawl touches the sea floor. The aimed towing speed is 3 knots.

Data

For each fishing tow, the catch is sorted and weighed by taxa; biological data are then

collected on a subsample. For fish, crab and squid, size and weight are gathered by individual and, for some species, sex, gonad maturity, and the weight of certain organs (stomach, liver, gonads) are also evaluated. The soft rays of the anal fin are counted for redfish, and the otoliths are sampled for several species such as Atlantic cod, Atlantic halibut, and witch flounder. A roughly 2-kg shrimp sample is sorted and weighed by species (and by stage of maturity for northern shrimp). The shrimps are measured individually. The other invertebrates are counted (no individual measurements) and photographed.

The catches per tow for fish taxa are available below. This data is also available via the 'Biodiversity' application on the St. Lawrence Global Observatory (SLGO). For more information please contact the data management team (gddaiss-dmsaisb@dfo-mpo.gc.ca).

View on Map

Data and Resources

Geographic Information

Spatial Feature

Contact Information

Delivery Point: 850, route de la Mer, P.O. Box 1000

City: Mont-Joli

Administrative Area: Quebec

Postal Code: G5H 3Z4

Country: Canada

Electronic Mail Address: gddaiss-dmsaisb@dfo-mpo.gc.ca

Similar records