Coastal and epipelagic habitats of the St. Lawrence Estuary and Gulf - Database

Coastal and epipelagic habitats of the St. Lawrence Estuary and Gulf - Database A geospatial database involving 130 descriptors was created describing the pelagic and benthic habitats of the 0–30 m surface layer in the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. A grid made of 6.25 km² cells (2.5 x 2.5 km) was used to aggregate the data. Each of the 39,337 cells overlapping the marine environment was characterized using landscape, hydrographic, and oceanographic parameters determined from observations (including satellite imagery), a 3D circulation model, and published and unpublished material available at local and regional scales. Purpose The dataset provides useful information on the spatial extent of major coastal epipelagic habitats in the study area and can be used for mapping purposes and for analyses of species-habitat relationships. Additional Information The low tide limit was taken as the upper (0 m) boundary, but neighbouring landscape features, such as the proximity to freshwater inflows, surface area of the tidal zone, and characteristics of the shoreline, were also taken into consideration. Also, each cell was classified as being marine, intertidal, or terrestrial using the high and low tide marks. Those marks were determined using NRCan CANVEC topographic map products (1:50,000). The high tide mark was determined as the limit between the land and water layers. The low tide mark (0 m depth) was determined as the lower limit of the tidal zone in areas with a tidal zone, and as the limit between the land and water layers elsewhere. See the report mentioned below for a more detailed description of the treatments for each variable: Dutil, J.-D., S. Proulx, P. Galbraith, J. Chassé and N. Lambert 2012. Coastal and epipelagic habitats of the St. Lawrence estuary and Gulf. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3009 : ix +87 pp. 2021-05-06 Fisheries and Oceans Canada Oceans-QC@dfo-mpo.gc.ca Form DescriptorsNature and EnvironmentScience and TechnologyCoastal HabitatEpipelagic HabitatSeafloor TopographySalinityTurbidityCurrentIceSt. Lawrence EstuaryGulf of St. LawrenceCabot StraitSt. Lawrence middle estuarySt. Lawrence lower estuaryStrait of Belle IsleEarth sciencesOceanographySalt waterOceansPhysicsTemperatureTopographyHydrography St. Lawrence coastal and epipelagic habitatsSHP https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/St_Lawrence_coastal_and_epipelagic_habitats/St_Lawrence_coastal_and_epipelagic_habitats.zip Data DictionaryCSV https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/St_Lawrence_coastal_and_epipelagic_habitats/DataDictionary_DictionnaireDonnees.csv St. Lawrence coastal and epipelagic habitatsCSV https://pacgis01.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/FGPPublic/St_Lawrence_coastal_and_epipelagic_habitats/St_Lawrence_coastal_and_epipelagic_habitats_DonneesData.zip St. Lawrence coastal and epipelagic habitatsESRI REST https://gisp.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/arcgis/rest/services/FGP/St_Lawrence_coastal_and_epipelagic_habitats/MapServer/0 St. Lawrence coastal and epipelagic habitatsESRI REST https://gisp.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/arcgis/rest/services/FGP/St_Lawrence_coastal_and_epipelagic_habitats/MapServer/0

A geospatial database involving 130 descriptors was created describing the pelagic and benthic habitats of the 0–30 m surface layer in the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence.

A grid made of 6.25 km² cells (2.5 x 2.5 km) was used to aggregate the data. Each of the 39,337 cells overlapping the marine environment was characterized using landscape, hydrographic, and oceanographic parameters determined from observations (including satellite imagery), a 3D circulation model, and published and unpublished material available at local and regional scales.

Purpose

The dataset provides useful information on the spatial extent of major coastal epipelagic habitats in the study area and can be used for mapping purposes and for analyses of species-habitat relationships.

Additional Information

The low tide limit was taken as the upper (0 m) boundary, but neighbouring landscape features, such as the proximity to freshwater inflows, surface area of the tidal zone, and characteristics of the shoreline, were also taken into consideration.

Also, each cell was classified as being marine, intertidal, or terrestrial using the high and low tide marks. Those marks were determined using NRCan CANVEC topographic map products (1:50,000). The high tide mark was determined as the limit between the land and water layers. The low tide mark (0 m depth) was determined as the lower limit of the tidal zone in areas with a tidal zone, and as the limit between the land and water layers elsewhere.

See the report mentioned below for a more detailed description of the treatments for each variable:

Dutil, J.-D., S. Proulx, P. Galbraith, J. Chassé and N. Lambert 2012. Coastal and epipelagic habitats of the St. Lawrence estuary and Gulf. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3009 : ix +87 pp.

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Data and Resources

Geographic Information

Spatial Feature

Contact Information

Delivery Point: 850, route de la Mer, P.O. Box 1000

Administrative Area:

Country: Canada

Electronic Mail Address: Oceans-QC@dfo-mpo.gc.ca

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