Canada's National Forest Inventory Photo Plot Data
Canada’s NFI survey was designed to provide an unbiased probability sample of Canada’s forests for long-term strategic monitoring purposes. The target population is Canada’s entire non-Arctic land area. A National Terrestrial Monitoring Framework (NTMF) was created by establishing a systematic 4 km by 4 km sampling grid over all of Canada from a random offshore point. Prior to T0, NFI partners determined that the NFI program would be able to affordably achieve its mission by establishing a 2 km by 2 km (400 ha) “photo plot” at every fifth sampling point on the NTMF (i.e. every 20 km), thereby providing a one percent sample of the target population. This sampling intensity was considered sufficient for national reporting and possible to sustain over the long term with anticipated funding.
Photo plots were established across Canada during 2000-2006 (T0). There are 26,139 photo plot survey locations on the 20 km by 20 km grid, of which 18,570 lie inside the target population area. For each photo plot, information is collected on land cover, land use, ownership and protection status.
NFI photo plot survey data are stratified by “NFI Unit” for standard estimation and reporting purposes. NFI Units were created by the geographic intersection of Canada’s 10 provinces, 3 territories and 12 non-Arctic terrestrial ecozones. Estimates produced for NFI Units are rolled up to produce standard reports for ecozones, jurisdictions (provinces and territories) and Canada. Some NFI Units are too small to produce robust estimates for with the current sampling intensity, so NFI Unit estimates are not publicly reported. Prince Edward Island (PEI) Atlantic Maritime, for example, is PEI’s only NFI Unit and it is small (1% sampling intensity achieved with only 19 photo plots), so the NFI avoids publishing provincial reports. Information consumers are encouraged to use official statistics produced by provincial and territorial governments for the forests in their jurisdictions. Most provinces are large, however, and the current NFI sampling intensity is sufficient for producing robust NFI reports for those jurisdictions. Special estimation reports can be produced using different ecological or administrative strata, such as the Boreal Zone, or the Managed Forest.
NFI photo plots are surveyed on a ten-year cycle. During first re-measurement (T1; 2008-2017), survey intensity was reduced to one photo plot every 40 km across northern Canada (Figure 3) because of budget limitations. The T2 survey (2018-2027) is currently underway.
- Publisher - Current Organization Name: Natural Resources Canada
- Licence: Open Government Licence - Canada
Data and Resources
NFI Data Request Form (English)HTMLEnglish dataset HTML
NFI Data Request Form (French)HTMLFrench dataset HTML
Canada's National Forest Inventory (NFI) (English)HTMLEnglish application HTML
Statistical Reports (English)HTMLEnglish dataset HTML
Statistical Reports (French)HTMLFrench dataset HTML
Photo Plot Documentation (English)HTMLEnglish guide HTML
Photo Plot Documentation (French)HTMLFrench guide HTML
National Forest Inventory Photo Plot SummaryWMSEnglish web_service WMS
Sommaire de la placette photo de l’inventaire forestier nationalWMSFrench web_service WMS
Canada's National Forest Inventory (NFI) (French)HTMLFrench application HTML
|Canada's National Forest Inventory Photo Plot Data|
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