Sponge Fields in the Eastern Arctic (Cosmos Trawl Sample)
Polygons denoting concentrations of sea pens, small and large gorgonian corals and sponges on the east coast of Canada have been identified through spatial analysis of research vessel survey by-catch data following an approach used by the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) in the Regulatory Area (NRA) on Flemish Cap and southeast Grand Banks. Kernel density analysis was used to identify high concentrations and the area occupied by successive catch weight thresholds was used to identify aggregations. These analyses were performed for each of the five biogeographic zones of eastern Canada. The largest sea pen fields were found in the Laurentian Channel as it cuts through the Gulf of St. Lawrence, while large gorgonian coral forests were found in the Eastern Arctic and on the northern Labrador continental slope. Large ball-shaped Geodia spp. sponges were located along the continental slopes north of the Grand Banks, while on the Scotian Shelf a unique population of the large barrel-shaped sponge Vazella pourtalesi was identified. The latitude and longitude marking the positions of all tows which form these and other dense aggregations are provided along with the positions of all tows which captured black coral, a non-aggregating taxon which is long-lived and vulnerable to fishing pressures.
These polygons identify sponge grounds from the broader distribution of sponges in the region as sampled by Cosmos gear in the Eastern Arctic biogeographic zone. A 40 kg minimum threshold for the sponge catch was identified as the weight that separated the sponge ground habitat from the broader distribution of sponges with these research vessel tow data and gear type.
- Publisher - Current Organization Name: Fisheries and Oceans Canada
- Licence: Open Government Licence - Canada
Data and Resources
Sponge Fields in the Eastern Arctic - Cosmos Trawl SampleESRI RESTEnglish web_service ESRI REST
Sponge Fields in the Eastern Arctic - Cosmos Trawl SampleESRI RESTFrench web_service ESRI REST
|Sponge Fields in the Eastern Arctic (Cosmos Trawl Sample)|
Delivery Point: Bedford Institute of Oceanography, 1 Challenger Drive, PO Box 1006
Administrative Area: Nova Scotia
Postal Code: B2Y 4A2
Electronic Mail Address: Camille.Lirette@dfo-mpo.gc.ca