Forest fires

Forest fires Forest fire mapping shows forest fires that occurred mainly in southern Quebec, the area south of the territorial limit of attributable forests. These cartographic data improve knowledge of fire regimes and respond to the specific needs of special management plans following forest fires. They can also be used to meet a variety of study and research needs, such as analyzing the impact of climate change, modeling post-fire recovery, and studying ecosystem dynamics. This information is obtained from and produced from a variety of sources, including satellite images, aerial photographs, field or aerial surveys, fire scar dating, and archival documents. These data contain four types of mapping as well as mapping of fire regimes: • Detailed fire mapping from 1976 to the present. This mapping includes burn types, total burn and partial burn, where information is available. In addition, for fires that have been the subject of characterization, information on classes of burning patterns. The minimum mapping area can be up to 0.1 ha, depending on the source products used. This map is partially available for areas located north of southern Quebec. • Mapping of simplified contours of fires, from 1972 to today. This mapping presents the external contours of the lights (without fragmentation), in order to represent them in a global manner in a product that is easily usable and can be integrated into current information systems, GPS or other. Resulting from the fusion of detailed fire mapping, this product has been designed to meet diverse customer needs. This mapping is partially available for areas located north of southern Quebec. • Mapping of fire origins that have been recorded by protection agencies (e.g. SOPFEU) for the period from 1972 to the present. This mapping includes the date, the source of ignition (human or lightning), and the protection zone. It is available for the entire territory of Quebec. • Mapping of ancient fires that occurred between the very end of the 19th century and 1975. This mapping is derived from the contours of the fires in the forest maps of the first and second inventories, in addition to the information contained in the ecoforest maps of the third and fourth inventories. Fire dating is done from sample plots including analysis of fire scars and archival documents. These data are only available for the following regions: Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (02), Bas-Saint-Laurent (01), Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine (011) and Abitibi-Témiscamingue (08). This map shows 13 zones with distinct fire regimes. These areas were delineated using available information on areas burned during the 1890-2020 period and other potentially determining environmental variables, such as physiography, the abundance of different tree species known to be dependent on fire, and the location of natural and anthropogenic ignitions. . The mapping of fire regimes covers all forest areas under development as well as a more northern portion that is not managed. The detailed methodology is presented in Forest Research Paper No. 189 “Zoning of Fire Regimes in Southern Quebec” (forthcoming). This zoning may be useful to ensure better consideration of the risk of fire in a forest management context. It can also serve as a land base to project future fire activity, taking into account various factors, such as climate change, fire suppression, and changes in fuel types and distribution across the territory.**This third party metadata element was translated using an automated translation tool (Amazon Translate).** 2022-05-18 Government and Municipalities of Québec services.clientele@mffp.gouv.qc.ca Form DescriptorsNature and EnvironmentScience and Technology Detailed fire mappingFGDB/GDB https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/PERTURBATIONS_NATURELLES/Feux_foret/FEUX_PROV_10.zip Detailed fire mappingFGDB/GDB https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/IMAGERIE/Indice_vigueur/Lisez-moi_Indice_vigueur_vegetation_ImSat.pdf Old fires (before 1976)FGDB/GDB https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/PERTURBATIONS_NATURELLES/Feux_foret/FEUX_ANCIENS_PROV_10.zip Old fires (before 1976)FGDB/GDB https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/PERTURBATIONS_NATURELLES/Feux_foret/FEUX_ANCIENS_PROV_93.zip Fire regime in southern QuebecFGDB/GDB https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite\Foret\PERTURBATIONS_NATURELLES\Feux_foret\REGIME_FEUX.zip Open forestHTML https://www.foretouverte.gouv.qc.ca/?context=_perturbation&zoom=9¢er=-76.47006,48.11642&invisiblelayers=*&visiblelayers=8695eb0058a885cae048ba8f533886f7,1da64ddfeaf23710b8a9ad95133fb5d8 Open forestHTML https://www.foretouverte.gouv.qc.ca/?context=_telechargement&zoom=6¢er=-67.99891,48.9935&invisiblelayers=*&visiblelayers=634387214b14c87b4f78d72d2717829f,1da64ddfeaf23710b8a9ad95133fb5d8 Original metadata (https://www.donneesquebec.ca)HTML https://www.donneesquebec.ca/recherche/fr/dataset/9d8f219c-4df0-4481-926f-8a2a532ca003 Procedures for using a web servicePDF https://mffp.gouv.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/Procedure_service_Web.pdf Read mePDF https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/INTERVENTIONS_FORESTIERES/Recolte_et_reboisement/1-Documentation/Lisez-moi_perturbations.pdf Mapping of the 5th ecoforestry inventory of southern Quebec - Methods and associated dataPDF https://mffp.gouv.qc.ca/documents/forets/inventaire/carto_5E_methodes_donnees.pdf Availability of the map of ancient firesPDF https://mffp.gouv.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/Disponibilite_feux_anciens.pdf Data downloadPDF https://mffp.gouv.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/Telechargement_rapide.pdf Web mapping serviceWMS https://geoegl.msp.gouv.qc.ca/ws/mffpecofor.fcgi?request=getcapabilities&service=wms&layers=ca_feux&legend_format=image/png&feature_info_type=text/plain Web mapping serviceWMS https://geoegl.msp.gouv.qc.ca/ws/mffpecofor.fcgi?request=getcapabilities&service=wms&layers=ca_feux&legend_format=image/png&feature_info_type=text/plain Descriptive sheet of attributes and their value domainsXLS https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/PERTURBATIONS_NATURELLES/Feux_foret/1-Documentation/DICTIONNAIRE_COUCHES_ANNUELLES.xlsx Descriptive sheet of attributes and their value domainsXLS https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/PERTURBATIONS_NATURELLES/Feux_foret/1-Documentation/FD_Feux_foret_PT_ORI_et_CONT_SIMP.xlsx Tools and guide for preparing data in ArcGISZIP https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/DONNEES_FOR_ECO_SUD/Cartes_ecoforestieres_perturbations/1-Documentation/Boite_a_outils.zip Simplified contour mappingother https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/PERTURBATIONS_NATURELLES/Feux_foret/Feux_cont_simp.zip Mapping the points of originother https://diffusion.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/Diffusion/DonneeGratuite/Foret/PERTURBATIONS_NATURELLES/Feux_foret/Feux_pt_ori.zip

Forest fire mapping shows forest fires that occurred mainly in southern Quebec, the area south of the territorial limit of attributable forests. These cartographic data improve knowledge of fire regimes and respond to the specific needs of special management plans following forest fires. They can also be used to meet a variety of study and research needs, such as analyzing the impact of climate change, modeling post-fire recovery, and studying ecosystem dynamics. This information is obtained from and produced from a variety of sources, including satellite images, aerial photographs, field or aerial surveys, fire scar dating, and archival documents. These data contain four types of mapping as well as mapping of fire regimes: • Detailed fire mapping from 1976 to the present. This mapping includes burn types, total burn and partial burn, where information is available. In addition, for fires that have been the subject of characterization, information on classes of burning patterns. The minimum mapping area can be up to 0.1 ha, depending on the source products used. This map is partially available for areas located north of southern Quebec. • Mapping of simplified contours of fires, from 1972 to today. This mapping presents the external contours of the lights (without fragmentation), in order to represent them in a global manner in a product that is easily usable and can be integrated into current information systems, GPS or other. Resulting from the fusion of detailed fire mapping, this product has been designed to meet diverse customer needs. This mapping is partially available for areas located north of southern Quebec. • Mapping of fire origins that have been recorded by protection agencies (e.g. SOPFEU) for the period from 1972 to the present. This mapping includes the date, the source of ignition (human or lightning), and the protection zone. It is available for the entire territory of Quebec. • Mapping of ancient fires that occurred between the very end of the 19th century and 1975. This mapping is derived from the contours of the fires in the forest maps of the first and second inventories, in addition to the information contained in the ecoforest maps of the third and fourth inventories. Fire dating is done from sample plots including analysis of fire scars and archival documents. These data are only available for the following regions: Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (02), Bas-Saint-Laurent (01), Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine (011) and Abitibi-Témiscamingue (08). This map shows 13 zones with distinct fire regimes. These areas were delineated using available information on areas burned during the 1890-2020 period and other potentially determining environmental variables, such as physiography, the abundance of different tree species known to be dependent on fire, and the location of natural and anthropogenic ignitions. . The mapping of fire regimes covers all forest areas under development as well as a more northern portion that is not managed. The detailed methodology is presented in Forest Research Paper No. 189 “Zoning of Fire Regimes in Southern Quebec” (forthcoming). This zoning may be useful to ensure better consideration of the risk of fire in a forest management context. It can also serve as a land base to project future fire activity, taking into account various factors, such as climate change, fire suppression, and changes in fuel types and distribution across the territory.This third party metadata element was translated using an automated translation tool (Amazon Translate).

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